In the debt market, investors and traders buy and sell bonds. Debt instruments are essentially loans that yield payments of interest to their owners. Equities are inherently riskier than debt and have a greater potential for big gains or big losses.When compared to other share market investments, investments done in the debt market are safer, and price volatility is much lower. Every country seeks economic progress, which expands the debt market's importance and fame.
Bonds are fixed-income securities that reflect loans from investors to borrowers (typically corporate or governmental). A bond can be compared to an agreement outlining the terms of the loan and the associated payments between the lender and borrower.
There are five main types of bonds: Treasury, savings, agency, municipal, and corporate. Each type of bond has its own sellers, purposes, buyers, and levels of risk vs. return. If you want to take advantage of bonds, you can also buy securities that are based on bonds, such as bond mutual funds.
Examples of bonds include treasuries (the safest bonds, but with a low interest - they are usually sold at auction), treasury bills, treasury notes, savings bonds, agency bonds, municipal bonds, and corporate bonds (which can be among the most risky, depending on the company).
Corporate bonds are great for investors seeking a secure but greater rate of return. High-rated corporate bonds with ratings of (AA+ or higher) are included in debt funds that invest in corporate bonds, most of which are open-ended.