Trade in Futures & Options
With Swastika, you can trade in futures and options online. Access Index and Stock F&O using a wide range of charts and Indicators with your Swastika account.OPEN A DEMAT ACCOUNT
F&O on Swastika
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One type of derivative is the futures contract. A buyer (or seller) agrees in this type of contract to buy (or sell) a specific amount of a particular asset, at a specific price at a future date.
For example, consider buying a futures contract to buy 100 shares of XYZ Company at a fixed price of Rs. 50 each. No matter what the current market price is when the contract expires, you will receive those shares for Rs 50. Even if the price increases to Rs 60, you will still only pay Rs 50 for each share, yielding a tidy profit of Rs 1,000. However, you will still need to buy them at a price of Rs 50 per share if the share price drops to Rs 40. Consequently, you would suffer a loss of Rs 1,000. Futures are not the only asset that may be bought, including stocks. Futures contracts are available for items including agricultural commodities, gasoline, gold, and currencies.
The options contract is yet another type of derivative. This differs slightly from a futures contract in that it grants the buyer (or seller) the right, but not the duty, to buy (or sell) a certain asset at a given price at a particular predetermined date.
The call option and the put option are the two different kinds of options. A call option is a contract that gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy a particular asset at a specified price on a specific date. Assume you have bought a call option to buy 100 shares of XYZ Company at Rs 50 each on a specific date. However, the share price drops to Rs 40 below the expiration date, and since you will lose money if the contract is completed, you have no incentive in doing so. The choice to not buy the shares for Rs. 50 is then yours. As a result, you will only lose the premium you paid to get into the contract, which will be far less than losing Rs 1,000 on the deal.
Another type of option is the put option. The put option is a different kind of option. You can sell the assets in this kind of contract at a predetermined price in the future, but not the obligation. If, for instance, the price of XYZ Company shares rises to Rs 60 prior to the expiration date and you have a put option to sell shares at Rs 50 at a later date, you have the option of choosing not to sell the share. As a result, you would have saved Rs 1,000.
|1||Buyer obligated to honor contract.||No obligation on buyer to actually buy or sell.|
|2||Contract seller has obligation to sell/buy if buyer exercise right.||Contract seller has obligation to buy/sell if buyer exercise right.|
|3||Requires higher margin payment than Options.||Requires lower margin payment than futures.|
|4||Preferred by speculators and arbitrageurs.||Preferred by hedger.|
|5||Unlimited profit, loss potential.||Unlimited profit, limited loss potential.|